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Map Location of Transylvania County of Western North Carolina
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Transylvania County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of 2000, the population was 29,334. Its county seat is Brevard.

Downtown Brevard in Transylvania County of Western North Carolina
Downtown Brevard, NC


The county was formed in 1861 from parts of Henderson County and Jackson County. Its name is derived from the Transylvania Company and has Latin origins: trans ("across") and silva or sylva ("woods").

Law and Government

Transylvania County is a member of the Land-of-Sky Regional Council of governments.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 381 square miles, of which, 378 square miles of it is land and 2 square miles of it is water. Partially due to the fact that there are over 250 waterfalls in the county, Transylvania County is the wettest county in the state. This is contrasted with Buncombe County, which is thirty miles northeast of Transylvania County receiving the lowest precipitation. The Blue Ridge Parkway traverses through parts of the county, affording spectacular views of the Appalachian Mountains, which reach over 6,000 feet elevation in the county. The highest point, Chestnut Knob, 6,025 feet, lies northwest of the county seat Brevard.


The county is divided into nine townships: Boyd, Brevard, Catheys Creek, Dunns Rock, Eastatoe, Gloucester, Hogback, Rosman ,and Little River.

Cities and Towns

  • Balsam Grove
  • Brevard
  • Pisgah Forest
  • Rosman

Township Locations of Transylvania County of Western North Carolina


As of the census of 2010, there were 33,090 people, 12,613 households residing in the county out of which 5.1% had children under the age of 5, 19.1% had children under the age of 18 and 25.0% were over the age of 65. The average persons per household was 2.31. The population density was 87 per square mile. There were 17,590 housing units at an average density of 46 per square mile.

  • White persons - 92.4%
  • Black persons - 3.9%
  • American Indian and Alaska Native persons - 0.3%
  • Asian persons - 0.4%
  • Persons reporting two or more races - 1.7%
  • Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin - 2.9%

The median income for a household in the county was $36,807. The per capita income for the county was $23,740. About 19.9% of the population were below the poverty line.

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